Bibliography Writing Tips
· First write the name of the author. Ignore any designations or degrees that appear after or before the name e.g. Mr., Mrs., Dr., Ms., Rev., S.J., Esq., Ph.D., M.D., and Q.C. the only exceptions to this rule are the titles Jr. and Sr. since these are two different people and it needs to be defined which is being spoken of. The same way, we need to use I, II, or III etc. where appropriate. The general format is Author’s last Name, first Name, middle name/middle initial (as preferred by the author) and designation (excepted ones). For example:
Delfino, Michael R., Jr.
If there are two authors of a book, then the general format is author’s last name, first name, and second author’s full name. For example:
Lackey, Jack K. and Susan Dixon
· The next thing to include is the title and subtitle. Use the title on the title page if it differs from the one on the front page and underline it e.g. Encyclopedia Britannica
However, for a newspaper, if the title of the newspaper does not indicate the place of publication, add the name of the city after the title in square brackets e.g. National Post [Toronto]
Also, do not underline the title or subtitle of an article in a newspaper, magazine, journal etc.; instead put it between quotation marks and separate the title from the subtitle using a colon (:) e.g. Brian Hutchinson. “Sixth foot washes up in B.C.: Foot appears to have been ‘sawn off’” National Post [Toronto]
Capitalize the first word of the title and the subtitle as well as all the important words except which are articles, prepositions, or conjunctions e.g. Report Says Severe Weather to Increase as Earth Warms
· The next thing to add to the bibliography is the Place of Publication and the name of publisher both of which only apply to books. The Place of Publication does not mean the country, state, or province. Therefore, you may not use United Kingdom or Ontario. You should only use the name of the city or town. If there is more than one city or town listed as the Place of Publication, choose the first one indicated. It is not necessary to add the State or Province if it is a well known city e.g. London or New York. If you think that the name of the city or town may create confusion, add abbreviated letters for State or Province to clarify it e.g. Austin, TX. As for the publisher, make sure you note the publisher and not the printer! If the book has more than one publisher, list the publishers in the order given with their individual year of publication. Shorten the publisher name e.g. use Macmillan, not Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc. In both cases, use “n.p.” to indicate that no Place of Publication or publisher name has been mentioned.
· Another important aspect is the date of publication. For a book, use the most recent copyright year e.g. 2006, for a monthly or quarterly publication, use the respective month and year, or season and year, for a daily or weekly publication, use the date, month and year.
Term Papers Corner writes your bibliography for you according to the different style required e.g. MLA, APA etc. and does it expertly.