Promoting Exercise as a Beauty Essential

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Introduction

The benefits of exercise in terms of the beneficial impact on beauty have long been established. It is suggested that exercise improves skin complexion by regulating blood flow and it decreases obesity. The proposed paper evaluates the link between beauty and exercise in a scientific manner and explores the relationship between the two variables. The paper discusses various elements of the two variables to form a relationship.

Literature Review

Significant work has been done pertaining to the effect of exercise in beauty. Clarke & Griffin (2007) mentions energy expenditure due to physical activity is the most variable of our total energy expenditure (15% in sedentary individuals and more than 50% for a person practicing intense physical activity). Often expressed the energy expenditure associated with a given activity “PAL” (physical activity level): report of the total energy expenditure in the resting energy expenditure (Sarwer, Grossbart, & Didie, 2003).

For men, the risk of overweight increased significantly when the PAL is less than 1.8. For women, it seems that the threshold is closer to a PAL of 1.6, which means that exercise produces a slimming effect on women more easily than men (Todd, 1998).

Bell (2007) discusses another effect that occurs with regular exercise: the body adapts and prepares to make this effort regularly. To do so, he learns to eat more fat quickly (in case of stress, muscles consume sugars, then if the effort continues fats, which normally takes several tens of minutes). This extra fat consumption continues after the effort, which also reduces the unwanted cravings (due to a lack of sugar) and helps to maintain a sensible diet (Bell, 2007).

Everything happens as if the exercise allowed our bodies to learn (or relearn, as in our youth) to burn fat. Although the effects of exercise on lipodystrophy are unclear, a mixture of aerobic and resistance exercise may help to reduce the accumulation of fat in the abdominal area. Resistance training (with or without aerobic exercise) can improve the weight and constitution, which gives a body mass index and lower arms and thighs bigger, good news for people with syndrome HIV wasting (Bell, 2007).

Methodology

The proposed research method for this paper is secondary research analysis. The purpose of secondary research analysis is to learn from the contribution of the researches which have already been done on the topic. It is an important phase of the research for it saves wastage of resources by repeating what has already been done on the topic. Secondly, it helps to refine the research problem and to give direction to the research.
Researches in the area of internet governance are relatively easy to access for they are widely available through different research portals (Welman and Kruger, 1999). Also, the focus of the research will be much better identified through secondary research for gaps in existing knowledge will be found out.

It is also possible to employ expert interview for this research. Expert interview is a qualitative method of research which involves in-depth interviews with a research participant. The interview is not entirely structured and involves considerable skill of the researcher to probe into various aspect of the research (Holloway, 1997).

This method brings to light several aspects of the problem which were originally not part of the study. Analysis of secondary research will be done using thematic analysis in which transcripts of interviews will be selected for their relevance to the research problem. Convenience sampling method will be used for selecting the participants for expert interviews.

The research will be qualitative given the nature of the research questions and its findings. It is anticipated that research findings will find a relationship between two variables through this approach because of time and resource constraints.

Conclusion

The paper discussed various elements of the two variables to form a relationship. It is concluded that the research will be qualitative and considerable work has been done on this topic to identify relationship between health and beauty.

References

Bell, J. (2007). Health and Beauty: An Explanation of the Laws of Growth and Exercise. Ohio: Engage Learning.
Clarke, L., & Griffin, M. (2007). The body natural and the body unnatural: Beauty work and aging . Journal of Aging Studies, 21(3) , 187-201.
Holloway, I. (1997). Basic concepts for qualitative research. Oxford: Blackwell Science.
Sarwer, D., Grossbart, T., & Didie, E. (2003). Beauty and society. Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery, 22(2) , 79-92.
Todd, J. (1998). Physical Culture and the Body Beautiful: Purposive Exercise in the Lives of Women. Georgia: Mercer University Press.
Welman, J., & Kruger, S. (1999). Research methodology for the business and administrative science. Johannesburg: International Thompson.

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Importance of Health Education for Teenagers

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Introduction

The health of children and adolescents is a highly important priority for any state. It is the responsibility of the department of health to implement health measures aimed at protecting and promoting the health of children and adolescents. Prevailing in the system of organization of medical care for teenagers consists of three parts: clinics, hospitals and sanatoriums (Charles and Heaven). Children’s clinics and outpatient clinics have a leading role in a wide range of recreational activities for the development and education of teenagers, improving the health of the younger generation (Mahfouz and El-Said). Adolescent health in US is one of the most important national problems. Health to adolescents includes systematic monitoring of their health and physical development through annual in-depth medical examinations, as well as, educating them to take care of their health themselves. Education is essential for early detection and prevention of various diseases. The paper discusses the importance of health education among teenagers and various initiatives for health education of teenagers.

Discussion

The importance of health education for teenagers is high since the effectiveness of health education at this level has long-term impact on national health. Policy makers are beginning to realize that adolescents as a group has been underserved by society in general and schools in particular. Coleman & Roker (1998) states “People ignored the basic needs of their young, too often scrambling to fix one problem teenagers at the time, instead of to work to prevent them. entire age group is at risk, not just low-income or disadvantaged teenagers”. There are some critical elements of teenage health education which are most important to be addressed.

Alcoholism The rate of alcoholism among American teenagers is on the rise. Till date there has been very low attention to preventive measures are not involved in the media (or insufficiently), inefficient government or community programs, is not highly effective special methods of dealing with alcoholism and drunkenness among adolescents, etc. Prevention of adolescent alcoholism has medical and social side (Stanner). Medical side comes to health education, as well as identifying individuals at increased risk of teenage alcoholism.

Health education is reduced to disseminate information about the dangers of alcohol to the health of adolescents and the first symptoms of the emerging alcoholism. For teens, medical information is presented together with the social (Mahfouz and El-Said). Teenagers associated drinking with growing older and gradually accept it as normal behavior, no longer see the obvious harmful effects, and often hear from adults who drink the contrary to the information (Baker). This explains the negative attitude to the promotion of alcohol among teenagers.
Prevention of adolescent alcoholism must be taken care through the following communication channels: lectures, pamphlets, talks, books, films, radio programs, television programs. A highly essential element of teenager health education is identifying teenagers at high risk for alcoholism. Teenagers at high risk for alcoholism are teenagers living with drinking parents, communicating with friends drinking, teens who are away from home, skipping school, drive to the police, non-sustainable and teenagers from orphanages (Stanner). It is important to focus health education pertaining to abstinence on this group. In a survey of young people were divided into two groups: those with moderate habits, and with a negative attitude to alcohol. It turned out that 67% of adolescents with moderate habits after 2 years began to abuse alcohol, and only 7% of adolescents in the second group began to abuse alcohol. Teenagers with a penchant for alcohol should be under constant supervision.
Drug Abuse Teenage drug addiction first began to emerge in the U.S. and other Western countries in the late 50’s and continues to be a national concern since then. Scientists studying drug abuse among adolescents, noted the following age-specific features:

– Periodic abuse without dependence on drugs dominates formed addiction.
– Teenage drug addiction is constantly rejuvenated
– Teenagers have learned to synthesize drugs from pharmaceutical drugs, which are highly toxic and mortality

Teens tend to experiment and alternately try different drugs. Teenage drug addiction develops because of the impact on adolescent social and psychological factors, especially in adverse biological background (alcohol or drug abuse in the parents, unstable, etc.).Drug abuse among adolescents treated seriously, this is due to the fact that adolescents seldom give voluntary consent to the compulsory treatment of drug addiction, and therefore, the role of education is highly important (Baker).

Prevention of adolescent drug abuse must begin with health education. Health education must aim to uncover the terrible damage that drugs can deliver. However, even the most robust and effective prevention of adolescent drug abuse will be ineffectual if the teenager will be surrounded by adults who use drugs (drinking – is a type of drug), or particularly close friends. In adolescents, it seems that all the programs about the dangers of drugs greatly exaggerated the harm of drugs, created a false notion that if one wants to quit then it is easy to quit, etc (Mahfouz and El-Said). Education of adolescent drug abuse should be conducted by experienced professionals who are able to identify adolescents at risk.

Sex Education Improving hygiene awareness among young people is possible only with proper sexual education. Sex education of the younger generation is a matter of great national importance. It should be actively involved doctors, teachers, educators, lawyers, etc. Young people should get the necessary information on sexual health, gender relations, risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases in sexual promiscuity (Mahfouz and El-Said). Typical lecture on sexually transmitted diseases should be developed by medical specialists and staff houses of health education. Health education lectures should be designed for a specific audience and the appropriate level of knowledge of a given population.

Health education of teenagers and younger population is much more than the study of nutrition classes in order to provide nutritious food or a demonstration on how to brush your teeth to provide oral healthcare. Health education of teenagers entails working with parents, families and communities to create an enabling environment for youth. Health education is sensitive to the social stigma faced by children like Kelly (Charles and Heaven). Health education includes enabling teenagers to make choices based on critical thinking in order to understand the fortress to protect themselves, the development of values that promote personal growth and useful activities, to understand interpersonal relationships and the development of satisfying human relationships, developing the ability to think for themselves caring for others, for family for school children and the extended community.

Teenager Health Education in US In US, health education is an integral part of the education reform. Two very powerful movements in education reform say about the role of health education in pre-service teacher education and professional development programs for certified teachers. The first includes a comprehensive model of school related services for the organization of schools and teaching. The second is the development of specific subject matter standards for student achievement. As in other subjects, standards of health education provide a basis for assessing student learning, organization of the content of curricula, educational focus, and, indirectly, to focus on the training of teachers.

Teachers and administrators who use these standards as a guide for the selection and design of training programs may include normal content areas: public health, consumer health, the environment, health and family life, mental and emotional health, injury prevention and safety, nutrition, personal health, disease prevention and control, as well as drug use and violence. However, interesting educational approach proposed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Charles and Heaven). It is the organization of teaching units for adolescents in all risk behaviors: tobacco use, diet that contributes to disease, lack of exercise, sexual behaviors that lead to HIV infection and other sexually transmitted diseases, unwanted pregnancies, alcohol and other drug use, behavior that result in intentional and unintentional injuries (Stanner).

Formation of National Health Education Standards A highly important initiative to promote health education among teenagers is formation of National Health Education Standards. The objectives of National Health Education Standards are:

1. Youth will understand the concepts related to health promotion and disease prevention.
2. Youth will demonstrate the ability to access valid health information and promotion of goods and services.
3. Youth will demonstrate the ability to practice health behaviors and reduce health risks.
4. Youth will analyze the influence of culture, media, technology and other factors on health.
5. Youth will demonstrate the ability to use interpersonal skills to enhance health.
6. Youth will demonstrate the ability to use goal-setting and decision-making skills to enhance health.
7. Youth will demonstrate their ability to act as personal, family and public health.

Conclusion

The paper discusses the importance of health education among teenagers and various initiatives for health education of teenagers. It is concluded that teenage health education is much more than study of nutrition classes in order to provide nutritious food. It is found that impact of teenage health education are long term for a nation’s health and consequently highly important.

Work Cited

Baker, P. Teenage Pregnancy and Reproductive Health. California: RCOG Press, 2006.
Charles, P and L Heaven. Adolescent Health: The Role of Individual Differences. New York: Routledge Publishing, 2009.
Coleman, J and D Roker. Teenage Sexuality: Health, Risk and Education. New York: Routledge Publishing, 1998.
Mahfouz, A and M El-Said. “Teenage pregnancy: are teenagers a high risk group? .” European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, 59(1) (1995): 17-20.
Stanner, S. “Nutrition and teenagers.” Women’s Health Medicine, 1(1) (2004): 6-10.

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Descriptive Essay Sample: Hawaiian Weddings

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Hawaiian Weddings

Similar to most of the nations having centuries of traditions behind them, Hawaiian weddings are also a colorful profusion of traditions and cultural elements complemented with rituals intended to bring in fortune, luck and happiness to couples who are going to tie a knot.

The Hawaiian brides, traditionally, wear a white holoku (traditional Hawaiian wedding dress) with flowers in her hair as well. Her male counterpart wears a white shirt along with white pants and colorful sash. If, the wedding takes place in the house the couple may avoid any footwear otherwise casual footwear is used.

Another famous, Hawaiian symbol is leis (traditional flower garlands worn around the neck). For wedding ceremony two maile leis usually made of fragrant flowers, and green leaves are especially ordered for both the grooms and brid. It is a symbol of mutual welcoming, the life partners, and it is also considered as a metaphorical representation of the island people’s relationship with nature. Both leis are different in terms of flowers woven in them; the bride’s lei have white jasmine and the groom’s have ilima (Sida fallax). Both the mother-in-laws also wear especially made leis which have an abundance of jasmine. Some organizers order leis for every guest as well.

The announcement of a Hawaiian wedding is done by three consecutive blowing of a conch shell to summon Lord’s support and presence in the wedding. The effects of other customs (notably Filipino, Chinese and Japanese) are also very evident in Hawaiian weddings. Therefore, it is very common to witness 1001 origami cranes or fireworks intended to thwart evil spirits away. Pandango (originally a Filipino traditional wedding dance) also known as money dance is also performed in many weddings which encircle the couple with a string of taped money usually provided by the wedding guests.

The effects of other cultures, as a consequence of globalization, are evident in Hawaii as well, and one of these “foreign” influences is wedding cake. Hawaiian cakes are usually made of wheat flour symbolizing the beginning of a new relationship together. This relationship is further strengthened by sharing the knife for cake cutting and presenting the first slice to each other after which each guest a presented with a piece.

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Swine Flu Sample Research paper

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Swine Flu

The H1N1 virus (swine influenza) is a novel infection that has not earlier been known in North America. It has recently, however, infected a number of people in the United States and Mexico. Swine flu is actually a respiratory virus of pigs which was first identified in 1918 and although historic diffusion to human beings has been sporadic, the infection rate in humans is intensifying at present (Barnes, 2008).

The H1N1 virus, just like seasonal influenza, is simply spread by the minute drops in a sneeze or cough. The person infected may cough into an empty space but it will leave microorganisms (germs) on the place that can easily be picked by the other person by touching that place.

The major symptoms of swine influenza are reported to include chills, dyspnea, headache, vomiting, diarrhea, myalgia, and fatigue. The chances of having Conjunctivitis is uncommon, but has been reported in some cases. Other symptoms include mild illness of respiratory track like nasal blocking and rhino rhea without temperature. In very rare cases sporadic severe diseases like pneumonia and respiratory failure also has been reported. Approximately thirty to fifty percent of the severe and deadly swine flu infections have been among young and middle-aged people who were previously in good physical shape (Barnes, 2008).

History of Swine flu

The Influenza outbreak of 1918, also remembered as the “Spanish” flu strain, and graded as an epidemic, is believed to have infected more than thirty percent of the total population of the world and became the source of as many as fifty million fatalities (Barnes, 2008). The death figure, according to the United States Center for Disease Control, could have been almost twice that since a number of people departed their life in that era were not actually diagnosed, nor were any samples of blood taken for testing and identification of the infection in the laboratory.

The rising rate of the swine flu infection rate has forced WHO to raise the level of the swine flu alert to its extreme alert level of Phase six from Phase five. The WHO, by moving up to its maximum alert level is signifying the fact that a worldwide epidemic might be under way. The severity of the virus, at this initial stage however, can be described internationally as being moderate.

Steps taken to control the epidemic

The Government, in order to control the spread of the endemic, has extended the authority of health officials and representatives to force the infected people and those who have been in a very close contact with somebody who has swine flu infection to be quarantined at home. This also includes forced barring of students and teachers from educational institutes.

(http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/04/090428222627.html)

This authority, however, has not considered necessary to be used since everyone who has been requested to segregate themselves has done so willingly and voluntarily.

Tony Ryall, the Health Minister has lately announced that The H1N1 virus –swine flu has been added to the health policies covering diseases that are notifiable and transmittable. The health ministry has informed the educational institutes to be ready for unexpected closures that could last more than a few weeks, and to have discussions with parents about distant learning.

References

Barnes, Ethne (2008); Diseases and Human Evolution; Published by UNM Press,

Science Daily (Apr. 28, 2009); Swine Flu Outbreak Continues To Grow, As Worldwide Pandemic Alert Level Raised To Phase 6 http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/04/090428222627.html

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