Preparation before Writing a Research Paper

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Writing a research paper is a time consuming job that deserves proper care and utmost concentration. It is necessary to know what research papers are before describing the preparations to be undergone for the research paper writings.

What are research papers?

A research paper is a unique way of writing in which a candidate should interpret and place his arguments. The research paper should be composed only on the basis of vivid surveys and a lot of research work. The research work should get accompanied by one’s own way of narration and should stick to the proper format and style of writing a research paper.

Preparations before composing a research paper

It is necessary to figure out the proper and relevant information before proceeding to the commencement of the research paper. This research or pre composing phase is the most important and time consuming part in writing a research paper. Once all the relevant information and details are sorted out, the composition can be comfortably started. In order to make the writing part smooth there are many steps that one can follow before attempting to start a research paper.

  • Before Starting: The very first thing to be done is to decide how many pages should be the content of the research paper. In the majority of the cases the faculty or the respective adviser suggests and decides the length of the research paper. Otherwise one should fix and decide what should exactly be the length of the research paper. Deciding the length beforehand makes things easier to accomplish while going through the composition phase.
  • Research and Development: Arguments and points should be jotted down while accessing the relevant information. Recent and updated information should be well researched and utilized for the writing of the research paper. Out dated information must not be a part of the writing as it would simply fetch a rejection. Internet contains a huge collection of updated information about any topic and thus should be depended upon rather than only going through the library collections.
  • Keeping track of the actual information: Keeping notes is another essential thing that readily helps while writing a research paper. Important paragraphs, passages and newly enriched information can readily be noted down. This eventually eases the composition and validates one’s opinions upon the given subject.
  • Organizations: The next part should contain the organization of the citations. Each and every correct citation should be organized properly in order to enrich the research paper. A notebook or a computer can ease the process. Listing the citations is especially helpful while extracting information from multiple sources.
  • Finalizing the Outline: Before the final composition can be started it is indeed a good idea to compose an outline of the research paper. Creating an outline for the entire project helps a candidate to analyze the thoughts and process them accurately as per one’s desire. Time can thus be saved and perfection can obviously be achieved while writing a research paper.

Drawing the Conclusion: Once the research paper is composed one should obviously go for a thorough revision in order to be sure about the composition, which leads to successful composition of a good research paper.

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How to Present the Four Parts of a Research Paper

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A research paper aims at presenting the results of research work done by an individual to its readers. Even if the writer puts in good amount of research work in preparing it, it may lose its effectiveness if it is not presented in a proper format. It should be neatly separated into following sections:

  1. Introduction
  2. Body
  3. Conclusion
  4. Bibliography

Each one of the four parts of a research paper is used to convey separate information. Introduction gives an insight into the contents of the paper and body consists of details of the research work done by the author. While conclusion provides a logical summary of research work, bibliography is used to acknowledge the different sources from which the data was taken.

The four parts of a research paper are explained in detail here.

  1. Introduction: What are the readers going to find in the research paper? Do they have enough acquaintance with the topic being presented? The introduction section of a research paper provides an idea to the readers about what they are going to read in it. If the reader is not familiar with the topic, it will give enough familiarity to the readers about it. It should be written with the purpose of making a base for the reader to get know how of the things which are going to be presented in the research paper. It should have the following features:
    • It should evoke an interest in the readers to go on and read the complete paper. If the introduction is not interesting enough, it can ruin their interest and that can have disastrous impact on prospects of the author.
    • It should be precise and focus on the core idea of the research. It should motivate the reader to read the complete research paper.
  1. Body: Out of the four parts of a research paper, its body is the most important one as it contains every bit of information that the author tries to present. It should have the following features.
    • It should have uniform formatting i.e. font style, font size, line spacing, alignment etc.
    • The topic of interest should be explained with necessary citations, facts and figures.
    • It should not wander away from central theme. Otherwise, the reader would not find it interesting enough to continue reading it.
    • It should be separated into chapters, sections and sub-sections, wherever necessary.
  1. Conclusion: This section consists of analysis of what has been presented in the research paper. It should not be replica of the introduction, but should provide a logical end to the discussion being made in the main body. The author can include details about impact of the research work in this section.
  2. Bibliography: Bibliography is the last one out of the four parts of a research paper. Usually, all the sources which were used during the research work are cited here. Such sources can include books and research papers of other authors. It is necessary that the author should take prior permission from everyone whose work has been used during drafting of the report.
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Tips to write a great college term paper

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Tips to write a great college term paper

Is the mere thought of writing your college term paper is giving jitters to you? Well, you are not alone as most of us tend to have them. This is mainly because we don’t have much idea on where to begin from and where to end at. You can follow some simple tips provided here to write a great college term paper.

  1. Decide the topic of your paper: This is the first and foremost step that needs to be taken while writing a college term paper. The topic of your paper will give you a direction in which you can direct your energy. Afterwards, it is important that you discuss the relevance of the topic that you have chosen with your professor. Once it is through with your professor, the topic will help you in focusing your thoughts towards finding the right type of material for it.
  2. Searching the material: What is the secret behind a great college term paper? It is the material that has been chosen to draft the term paper. You can take help of the Internet, periodicals and other articles to search for the material for your term paper. When you think you have got enough material, you need to read that thoroughly, understand it well and if needed, read it multiple times.
  3. After you have made proper analysis and made good understanding over the topic, start making notes for yourself. In this way, an outline of the term paper will start building. Though you are quite some way away from completing your term paper, you will get a basic structure in which you can fill your ideas. You can use your thoughts along with the material that you have just organized to have a unique content.
  4. You can choose out of APA or MLA formats to draft your term paper. Each one of them has its own formatting rules which need to be followed. You can check with your professor about the recommended format for drafting it. In order to have a great college term paper, you need to take care of all such minute details.
  5. It is a good idea to have multiple drafts in order to achieve perfection. This is because nobody can be perfect in the first attempt of doing anything. With each draft that you make, you will be nearing perfection as mistakes will keep getting eliminated whenever you draft a new version of your term paper. It is also possible that a new idea may strike you while writing a new version of the term paper and that can increase the effectiveness of your term paper.
  6. Take a look at various examples. In this way, you will come to know about the professional approach to draft a term paper. You can have a look at various examples and templates which are available freely on the Internet to draft a great college term paper. However, while doing so, you need to take care that you don’t copy anything from any source as this is not only unethical, but invitation to trouble as well.
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How to make an eye catching title page for a research paper

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You might have given your best effort in researching for your research paper and would have drafted a great one too! However, your examiner wasn’t much impressed by it. Why did it happen? Quite possibly, the title page that you would have given in it was not up to the expected standards. If the title page for a research paper isn’t impressive, the whole effort spent in drafting that can go down the drain.

Importance of title page for a research paper: It is common to see students ignoring the importance of the title page. As the saying goes, ‘first impression is the last impression’ and when an examiner is going to go through your report, the first point that will be noted is its title. Thus, if you want to impress the examiner, you ought to give due importance to it.

If you follow the below mentioned steps, you can certainly attain your purpose.

  1. Contents of title page for a research paper: As per the universally accepted guidelines, there are certain elements which should be present on the title page including :
    1. Page header
    2. Page number
    3. Title name
    4. School, college or university name, as applicable.

These elements need to be arranged neatly by giving margins of one inch between the different lines. Moreover, if you put numerous elements on a single page, it might get clumsy and would not look professional.

  1. Title: The title of research paper is as important as the content itself. It needs to be placed on center of the title page for a research paper. It should enable the reader to have an insight into what you are going to present in the research paper. It should be around ten words as too short or too long titles tend to put off the readers even before they start reading anything.
  2. Information about author and examiner: You need to provide your name, examiner, title of the course for which the research paper is being presented and date in proper format. These should be provided in separate lines and need to be double spaced.
  3. Font and formatting: The most preferred font style for writing title page for a research paper is Times New Roman. The size can be either 10 or 12, but the preferred one among them is size 12. The two different styles, MLA and APA, differ in the formatting of text. While MLA style requires left justification for text, APA style mandates use of central justification for the text.

Some mistakes that need to be avoided while drafting the title page:

  1. You shouldn’t place various elements unnecessarily. These should be used judiciously as over use can reduce the effectiveness of title page.
  2. The number of fonts being used in it shouldn’t be more than two. Users tend to include numerous font types to make their text appealing. This approach can be counter productive.
  3. Avoid using complex sentences and try to keep the content as simple as possible.
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How to cite resources in a research paper

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How to cite resources in a research paper

At the time, while you are composing your research paper, always keep in mind, the fact, that it is extremely significant for you present your resources well, even when you are summarizing, paraphrasing or quoting the composition of a different writer. The manner in which you should cite resources in a research paper is by means of adding cross-references or annotations at the end of every sheet of your paper or else by introducing parenthetical citations at the side of the extracted passage.

Resource citation is the method to present a connection to your resources of passages, summaries and quotes. Quoting resources also is considered to be the channel to grant acknowledgment to the writers whose earlier creations have facilitated you in producing your very own individual research paper. Cite resources in a research paper will also assist you in avoiding breach of copyright. You should also remember to add a bibliography at the finish stage of your paper.

Different citation styles

There are quite a lot of style manuals to cite resources in a research paper. From time to time your lecturer will mention the citation style, which he would prefer you to apply. At other instances, it will be left entirely to you to apply a style, which you are at ease with as well as feel happy in availing yourself of.  The layout of your research paper citations mainly is determined by your own selected citation style. The different ways to cite resources in a research paper are briefly mentioned below along with where and how to use them.

1. The most widely used citation styles, which have been worked on tend to be the Modern Language Association of America also popularly referred to as MLA, American Psychological Association citation style also known as the APA and Chicago Manual of Style, widely referred as the Turabian Style Guide or as the Chicago Style Guide.

2. The MLA citation style is frequently brought into play when the study paper speaks regarding issues with reference to arts, literature and humanities. In support of research papers that deal with social sciences, it is always better to make use of American Psychological Association or APA citation style guide, whereas the majority writers for subjects pertaining to history have a preference for applying the Chicago Style Guide.

3. All of the three common citation style guides mentioned above only possess slight variations between themselves, in the way they are presented in the research paper. It is always advisable for you to go through all the information mentioned inside the published guidebooks for better understanding of these three different citation styles.

There are additional set of laws for you to follow in order to cite resources in a research paper, for instance, the correct way to layout the complete research paper, citation of online publications and printed articles. Determine which particular style suits you the most and try to retain it all through your writing. Uniformity of citation style is among the important features that your lecturer will search for once you submit the research paper.

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Keys to Writing a Top Notch Term Paper

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Keys to Writing a Top Notch Term Paper

Writing a top notch term paper can be quite a daunting task. Once you have finished collecting all your material and information you now require adequate amount of time to put them in writing. But for the majority student this tends to be the most difficult part of creating a top notch term paper. Organizing everything in a proper manner will help you to contemplate the subject that you wish to write. It will also help you to ensure that you do not miss out any of your vital points.

Outlining

Outlining is a very important factor that will help you to write a top notch term paper. For instance, it includes assemblage of sets of related ideas, with every set locating one single key point. Once you finish compiling up all your data, you need to arrange them in a uniform manner.

If you’re finding it difficult to arrange your outline logically, then you can follow the below mentioned order.

· Sequential order

· Cause and consequence

· Question and answer

· Categorized by significance

Composing

Composing a top notch term paper often prove to be quite scary for the majority students since they fail to realize what exactly they want to state. The below mentioned tips will enable you to understand the correct way to express your thoughts on paper.

· First ask yourself common questions like: What? How? Who? When? Why? Where? Contemplate what creates the subject matter exclusive. Sum up why the theme is significant.

· Find any conflict or argument in relation to your subject matter. What tend to be the major issues? What are the advantages and disadvantages? In case there is disagreement over the subject, establish what the consent is and subsequently inquire yourself if you agree to it or not.

· Contemplate how your subject matter link up with parallel thoughts. How does your topic match with the big picture on the whole? Inspect how your theme is covered or structured. Ponder how your subject matter has altered or matured over time. Consider what your theme inspires or influences.

Editing

To successfully create a top notch term paper you must revise and check your complete work for several times.

When editing you need to take into consideration the following factors.

· The subject that you chose is interesting or not and whether you begin with a convincing statement or not.

· Check if you research paper has unique points or not, that tend to be different from others.

· Look for whether you have sufficient proof to support your statements.

· If you come across irrelevant information in your paper then get rid of them.

· Try to include conflicting views and give your own view on those arguments.

· Make sure that all your thoughts run in a consistent order and all your paragraphs should shift from one particular thought to another. Ensure all your thoughts are unbiased.

· Check whether all your resources are quoted.

· Make certain to stick to the lecturer’s style guidelines.

· Lastly check for all grammatical or spelling or errors.

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Write a Research Paper in 10 Easy Steps

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Write a Research Paper in 10 Easy Steps

In order to write a research paper properly there are quite a few steps to be followed. There is not any hard and fast rule to follow each and every step chronologically. The following methods are proven to be quite effective in composing a research paper.

Choosing the appropriate title: In majority of cases, the title or the subject of research paper is suggested by the faculty or the respective professor. Otherwise, it is necessary to figure out the proper and suitable research title upon which one is willing to proceed the entire paper.

It is necessary to be specific: Unnecessary and irrelevant questions and arguments should strictly be avoided. The content should be interesting and brief and most likely should be specific. A well research is to be undertaken in order to brief up the points that are to be put in the content of the research paper.

Follow a Statement: The research paper should overall focus upon a statement. Each and every fact should revolve around the statement and should not be irrelevant. Otherwise the reader finds it difficult to sustain the interest to read any further and thus the paper would lose its success.

Find the proper sources: It is necessary to figure out the proper sources to extract correct and updated information in order to make the research paper more resourceful as a whole. In order to write a research paper one has to undergo a series of surveys and researches and depend upon the internet for certain information.

Organizing the sources: Once the sources are figured out, it is necessary to organize them, so that the relevant points can be put in sequentially. This process is really essentially to write a research paper. Organizing the points eases the composition.

Take Notes on the go: Taking notes while organizing and frame working the research paper would simply brief up one’s efforts. Even the mistakes and rectifications can readily be identified that is of great help before the final composition of the research paper is made.

Summaries and Paraphrases: The ability to summarize the content and using paraphrases at suitable places should be developed by each and every candidate. A summary must include a condensed formation of the entire facts and information in an unique way. A paraphrase is nothing but rewording a particular point among the sources.

Must be free of plagiarism: The content must be unique and self written. Nothing should be extracted and copied from anywhere. Otherwise it is likely to be accused of plagiarism. Thus it is necessary to put in one’s own words and sentences to write a research paper.

Create a suitable draft first: A rough draft of the entire research paper should be written before finalizing the project. This draft helps a candidate figure out the mistakes he has made and the rectifications to be undertaken. Once this is done one can proceed to the final composition.

Revise and revise again: Multiple revisions should be done in order to be sure that the research paper is error free and successful. Proofreading and revision ultimately ends up the process to write a research paper.

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    How to Outline a Research Paper

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    Introduction:

    Every student is required to write research papers during their college years in order to score good grades. Just about every field of study will consist of a research project as section of its syllabus. But majority of the students do not know how to outline a research paper properly. After carrying out detailed study, the most significant feature of effectively writing of a research paper is the planning or outlining stage. When you outline a research paper you need to expand an argument as well as scheme your most important points. Correctly accomplished, an excellent outline will definitely cause the writing phase to be much graceful and produce a more striking research paper. The below mentioned guidelines will help you to outline a research paper appropriately.

    Tips on how to outline a research paper

    Composing a research paper entails judicious foresight.  Make use of the rough draft stated below to offer an outline for your research paper.  This framework might not exhibit every part of the study that will get counted in your ultimate paper; however it will give an idea that an adequate amount of research has been carried out by you and also that you are well acquainted with the key subject matters and secondary subject matters, which you are going to make use of in your research paper.

    An outline a research paper is supposed to contain the following elements:

    • Heading
    • Explain the main objective behind writing the research paper
    • Introduction
      • Give details concerning the problem
      • The reason behind you considering this study to be a suitable one
      • Why you consider the problem to be a significant one
      • The extent of the appraisal
      • How you will apply the consequence of the appraisal
      • Pinpoint the questions that you wish to resolve
    • Methodology
      • Distinguish the process used to detect and trace sources
      • Clarify the justification used for choosing the resources to research
      • Elucidate the proceedings to be utilized for examining the resources
      • Single out the decisive factor for assessing the facts retrieved
    • Evaluate and Discussion
      • Put forward facts and thoughts from resources
      • Conceptions are structured by secondary subject matter
      • Resources are categorized by conceptions rather than private entities
      • Categorization might be associated with research questions.
      • Legality of resources is affirmed to defend your decisive resolutions to your problems.
      • Quote every statement of yours by means of presenting the number(s) classifying the reference(s) that defend your statement.
    • Conclusions and Suggestions
      • Recognize and blend findings
      • Methodically respond to your questions
      • Offer reference for
        • Upcoming research
        • Educational procedures and policies,
        • Syllabus revisions, or
        • Additional necessary situations
    • References

    o Catalog each and every reference of yours by means of APA layout

    o Number every reference in order that you can quote your substantiation within the Evaluate and Discussion segment.

    • Submit
      • Present your outline by the scheduled date.

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    Ten steps to an Excellent Term Paper

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    Ten steps to an Excellent Term Paper

    It is necessary to be specific about the topic in order to write an excellent term paper. It is essential to figure out what the candidate actually wants to put up as an argument in the term paper. The following steps are quite useful in composing a good term paper.

    · Choose the appropriate title: When choosing a topic it will be a good idea to select one upon which one is interested in to compose the term paper. Besides one’s interest, the candidate should also consider a title about which proper information can be found from the libraries and from the internet. Term paper titles should be interesting and provoke the reader to read the content with utmost interest and concentration.

    · Locating Information: A variety of sources should be used as reference. Multiple sources can help with proper resources to be put in. Updated and recent information are considered as rich materials while writing an excellent term paper.

    · Bibliography: In order to document the various sources it is necessary to prepare bibliography cards.

    · Prepare Notes: It is a good idea to note down the contents of the term paper. Noting down not only eases the process of term paper writing but also helps an individual prepare an excellent term paper. All the information can be tracked down while preparing a rough draft.

    · Preparing an Outline: An outline is a guideline that actually frameworks the entire term paper. An outline should contain the details about the topics, headings and the subheadings. A proper outline is the key to a proper and excellent term paper composition.

    · Composing a rough draft: It is truly indispensable to create a rough draft of the respective term paper before finalizing the project. This rough draft lets a candidate figure out the points that require rectification and edition. There might be some more information or relevant points to be put up in the final term paper. Such things can easily be noticeable with the help of creating a rough draft.

    · Revising the initial draft: The rough draft created should undergo proper revision in order to ensure an excellent term paper. The points that deserve rectification and edition should be taken care of and thus one can proceed finalizing the term paper writing.

    · Preparation of the Bibliography: It is necessary to prepare a list of the sources from which the relevant information and factual details have been extracted. The bibliography cards prepared before will now help one to list down and finalize the bibliography.

    · Preparing the Title Page and Index: The first page of the term paper is called the title page. This paper generally contains the name of the candidate followed by the date on which the term paper is due upon. The next page should be the index or the contents’ page. This page refers to the listing of the main subjects, topics or the headlines along with the sub headings.

    · Finalize the term paper: An excellent term paper can only be made possible if revised and proof read thoroughly. Thus the term paper should be thoroughly revised to ensure an error free composition.

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    Guidance Notes for Writing Philosophy Essay

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    What is philosophy essay writing?

    There are several courses that include the submission of various types of writings. These writings help in getting good grade along with the respective certificate or degree. Philosophy essay writing is much different from that of the usual writings that are asked to submit. The strategies mentioned here clearly indicate an idea of writing the philosophy essay writing.

    A philosophy paper is subject to contain a reasonable defense of a certain claim. The paper must offer a valid argument. The claims that are made by the writers should be well defended with valid points in the particular philosophy essay. So each time the writer tries to convey or claim his view he must add the reason that is under his consideration to make the respective claim.

    Why to write a philosophy paper

    There can be a various intentions to write or compose philosophy essay writing. Generally an issue or argument is taken under consideration. The paper then focuses on either criticizing the argument or to prove that argument invalid. Another thing that can be the aimed is to defend the initial argument against some other criticism raised by someone else. The aim can also be to provide reasons to make the thesis believable. The essay can also include certain points that can eventually draw or project the consequences of the initial argument under the consideration.

    It really does not matter that what exactly is the particular aim to follow? However the fact that is important is that there should be certain explicit reasons to support the claims that are made. There are many students who feel that since claims are quite clear to them there is no requirement for a valid argument or reason, which is wrong. Effective argument is required in order to make it evident among the audience.

    Formatting/Style involved in Philosophy essay writing

    • Philosophy essay writing should be modest with a minute point. The things that matter are the clear understanding and accurate writing style that leads to attain the expected success.
    • Next thing that should be considered as utmost important is the originality of the philosophy essay.
    • There should be enough space for individual thoughts to be effectively put in so that the knowledge about the independent thinking gets clear to the audience.

    The Body Content

    Roughly, the composition of a philosophy essay can be segmented in to three different phases.

    • The initial phases of the early stage require creating an outline about the overall essay. The issues raised in the respective class should be discussed among each other which would not only reduce problems or errors but will also enhance a proper philosophy essay.
    • The next phase of the philosophy essay writing includes the execution of the essay. A rough draft can initially be written. There is no requirement to put in the literary excellences. Simple straight forward language is sufficient enough for the essay to be carried out. The language should be plain and simple and easy for understanding. It is not supposed to work out if it is not understood the way it should be. Thus it is better to avoid literary skills and prefer the straight forward language in which one speaks to write the respective philosophy essay.

    The structure of the paper should be properly made. While putting in one’s own views it is necessary to make it explicit. It may be concise but it should be well knit to explain oneself entirely. Plenty of examples along with several definitions enrich the standard of the philosophy essay writing. There are certain situations when the claims raised by the philosophers tend to a higher level of difficulty in understanding. Using proper examples clear out the doubts and make it easy and convenient to understand the claims as the audience relates the examples to the raised claims.

    It should be very much specific. There are situations where the students often tend to lose focus from the actual point under consideration and start arguing about something that is quite not relevant. Such situations should strictly not arise.

    · Finally, rewriting the philosophy essay writing a plenty of times would surely make it more apt and justified. Rewriting a plenty of times would fetch out the unnecessary portions from the essay and make it more precise and exact as per the requirement. There are obviously some minor mistakes that can be effectively removed to make the essay free of errors and complete it the way one desires to be.

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