Harvard Citation Style
Harvard referencing style is the system, which is frequently used in physical, natural and social sciences. Due to the flexibility, ease and lucidity which this system provides, to both readers and writers, this style has become the most commonly used style internationally for academic journals.
An essay should include a page header at the top right of every single page. The page header comprises of 2-3 words of the main subject of paper, after which a page number should be placed. Paper should use double spacing on a Standard-sized paper (8.5″ x 11″), having margin of 1” on each sides.
In Harvard citation style, all a writer needs to do is to mention the author and the date of the publication while doing in-text citation, while the bibliography page has to be organized in an alphabetical order. When quoting someone other’s work in the text, that text should be enclosed in quotation marks, followed by the last name and the date. At the same time, if a writer paraphrases someone’s work, then it is not required to be put in quotation marks, but the work should be cited by writing author’s name and the publication year.
In the bibliography page, all the sources which are used and cited in the paper must be listed. These sources must be listed on alphabetical order.
Following are the formats used for bibliography page
Books by a single author
For referencing a book written by one author, following order must be followed
Last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Year of publication). Book title (in italics), volume number. Place of publication: Publisher
Books by more than one author
For the book, which is written by more than one author, the order will be
Last name, First initial. Middle initial and . Last name, First initial. Middle initial (Year of publication). Book title (in italics), volume number. place of publication, Publisher
Articles from a journal
An article from a journal should be cited as following format
Last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Year of publication). Title of article, journal of article Volume, pages,
Article in a newspaper
Articles from a newspaper are cited as
Last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Year,). Article title. Newspaper Title, Month Day, pages
Article retrieved from an electronic database
Last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Year). Article title. Journal Title [Internet], date of publication, Volume, pages. Available from: <Internet address> , [Accessed and date of viewing the page]