How to Research for your Research Paper

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Research for your Research Paper

When it comes to the important matter of researching for a research paper, individuals are recommended to spare a good amount of time in order to come across some valuable information. The art of researching lies in giving it maximum time since only then can people actually find something meaningful and worth mentioning in a research paper. There are many other things that should be considered before beginning with the arduous task of writing a research paper. One of these things includes finding an appropriate topic in the first place.

Finding Topics and Sources from Internet:-

Internet or Books:

The internet can really be a helpful place to begin the research from. Books however are immensely significant and must always be consulted when it comes to confirming the credibility of any topic.

Authenticity of Sources:

Individuals are advised to look out for authentic sources, which are mostly used by all the other researchers across the globe. By doing this, not only do people increase their chances of having a successful research paper by the end but they also opt for an easier and original way to put content into the paper in the long run.

Taking Notes:

In the process of researching for a custom research paper, taking thoroughly detailed notes is likely to help a lot in the near future since that tends to make the entire process simple to follow and manage, when it comes to the task of actual writing.

Internet, Articles and Books

A very common tip to save both time and energy is to always use internet and books at the same time since it allows people to accumulate a massive amount of information and that too, in a short period of time without having to struggle too much about the matter.

Solid and Credible Sources:-

Some of the reasons why credible sources are important are as follows:

  • While researching online, it is always wise to look out for articles and content which has strong credibility or is recommended by other researchers and individuals since a research paper which lacks credible sources is no good and does not allow people to score perfectly.
  • The other material which must be checked out includes audio clips, videos, demonstrations, PDF manuals and much more.
  • The key to conducting perfectly adequate research for a research paper is to always remain relevant and focused to the main topic as once the researcher deviates from it, the entire purpose of writing a research paper goes to waste.
  • Credible sources are easy to find and all the good ones to mention in a research paper involve documentaries, books, articles, movies, real life people and television shows.
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Easy Steps for a Top Notch Research Paper

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Writing a Top Notch Research Paper

Never underestimate the importance of a research paper. History has shown that a well done research paper can actually change the face of the world.  That is why it is well to know what writing a top notch research paper is all about.

Focus

A research paper is just that.  It focuses on one or two particular things that others can rely on to further their goals.  Let us say for example that your research paper focuses on contaminated ground water.  It calls for knowing what contaminants are present and what they can do to the environment and health.  Statistics and scientific research data are required here, and those stats have to be exact.  Data also from other sources may be required because some official statistics might have been compromised by corruption.  Knowing how to pick from the flotsam and jetsam calls for keen eyes  and good research skills.

Structure

Remember the structure.  A research paper should start out with its goal and purpose.  Make it clear and precise and then follow through with a structure that causes no confusion whatsoever.  There should be a beginning, a middle, and an end and the use of footnotes are imperative.

Such structure should not interfere with fluid writing skills.  Making a research paper too robotic leads to a lack of interest.  You want the reader to enjoy it so that they will look for other papers of yours that are published.  Getting a good name in the research field can be a lucrative one with people around the world turning to your works and referencing them.  The value of this is apparent.

Do Not Get Carried Away

Do not let yourself get carried away.  The research paper should stick to the point and format but should not be filled with your meanderings and opinions.  You want to enlighten the reader with real data, not your personal life style.

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8 Steps for writing a research paper

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Want the best research paper for your course?

To be able to get the top class research paper it is essential for you to know what a research paper is? A research paper is a required part of academics. The steps for a winning research paper are.

  • Select a topic that interests you or assigned by your teacher.
  • Ascertaining the purpose of the research paper.
  • Find worthy sources. Give priority to websites, books, academic or expert journals, and interviews with experts.
  • Write an operational thesis statement built on the aim of the research paper. A thesis statement abridges the general point of a paper by creating a statement and then listing points that will be used as indication to support it.
  • Collect and assemble the “body” of the essay. The body of the essay is where all the data is put forth and examined.
  • Write the conclusion. Now that you have sensibly worked through your validation, write a wrapping up that concisely summarizes your results.
  • Revise the research paper and form a final draft. Read through the paper at least two or three times. Make sure all of your declarations are supported up by sources, look for any spelling, grammar, punctuation, or word selection mistakes.
  • Make a works cited page. This page comprises all of the sources cited in your research paper.
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The Perfect Formula For a Research Paper

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A research paper is probably the most challenging coursework given to students. It requires a mature thought process and the writer must present something original and unique. A research paper can feature a subject matter on which previous research does not exist or it can build on existing research. The second approach is more suitable as the writer will have a reference point.
There are many ways to go about composing it and therefore a stage wise approach is suggested.

Vet the topic
Before starting the actual writing, the writer must be clear and specific regarding the research paper topic. General topics should be avoided as the writer will find difficulty in presenting information and adhering to the page count. An example of a general topic could be ‘Sports in South Africa,’ while a specific topic would be the ‘The declining state of sports facilities in Rural South Africa.’

References
The topic and reference search should be carried simultaneously. There is no use carrying forth a good topic on which adequate references do not exist. The internet is obviously the first place to start research but the researcher should place value on quality of website. As a general rule information from websites like Wikipedia are totally useless and should be avoided at all costs. Develop a draft reference list and just gather good sources. The vetting of references will come later on.

Proposal
Probably the best thing to do after getting a topic and references is to build a Research Proposal and get it approved from the Teacher/Professor. This will enable feedback from the instructor and avoid mistakes/errors by proceeding alone. Remember that prevention is better than cure.

Rough draft
When starting work on the rough draft, it is better to identify expected page count and tentative table of contents. This outline will simplify writing and presentation of information in organized fashion. While preparing the rough draft, formatting and grammar related issues are not critical. This can be done in review stage. At this stage the pen must flow without hindrance.

Working on content
Apart from internet, some resources can be found in the institution’s library. This includes original books, journals like Harvard Business review etc. The student should develop the content from these rich resources and keep track through a notebook. This tracking will enable smooth referencing at the end.

Adhering to outline
The basis presentation is always Beginning, body and conclusion. However, at this stage the writer must be clear regarding which headings are populating the Body. Throughout the writing phase, the outline must be foremost in mind to avoid excessive writing or irrelevant content.

Review
The research paper must be completed 24 hours before the deadline at a minimum. This allows the opportunity to revise the paper including spelling/grammar mistakes, adhering to instructor’s criteria and improving sentence construction. Effective revision can be the difference between a ‘B’ and ‘A.’ Therefore this step must be taken seriously. Plagiarism must be avoided and quotes, definitions etc. must be referenced properly.

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How To Find Sources for Your Research Paper

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The daunting part in research paper writing is in finding the actual research material and sources. The available amount of sources makes a person overwhelmed, so taking specific instructions regarding the availability of information are mandatory. Acquiring the best information should be ensured in the most efficient way.

Guidelines
• The foremost things required to find sources for your research paper are a library and internet access.
• You should keep it simple so that your research does not go out of control.

Steps
• The first step to find sources for your research paper is the library. University libraries have great resources, especially the research based campuses. Initiate your research in the journals and books relating to your topic. It is must to look for scholarly journals so that your professor or teacher understands that you have put good effort and time in your search. Using recent works that is relating to recent 5 years than referring to something relating to past 20 years. Make it a point to find at least 5 or 6 written sources for an assignment of 5 page research paper.
• Take detailed notes and write down ideas and specific quotes to be used. Ensure you get all the information required for your research paper. This is essential so that you need not go back or refer the source again. On writing down the required information, write the work citation as well. Noting down each will save time by the time you are completing the research notes as all the citations are ready.
• On finding written sources, research online databases for scholarly journals electronic copies. Databases contain lots of information relevant to your topic and these databases are available through your university or local library as they are subscribed services. These are the best sources for your research paper. Though, initially it may take some time, you will find relevant sources in abundance.
• For additional sources, dig the databases and the links mentioned. You are sure to find abstracts of articles and full text articles. The information available in these is identical to the databases information.
• The final place that is appropriate to acquire sources for your research paper refers to the general search sites in Google or Yahoo. There will be sites that are apposite to form your source list. You can also include the available statistics and articles to augment your paper. However, ensure that the websites you are referring have credibility, so check for websites ending with.edu or .gov, so that they are accurate than .com or.net ending websites. You can also verify the information before including it in your research paper.

Warnings

• Avoid rushing over the research topics. The more time spent on searching the sources, the better will be your conducted research.
• Avoid sites that lack scholarly credibility such as personal websites, Wikipedia or even sites that sell or advertise something.
• Ensure to cite each source properly as improperly cited sources lead to plagiarism.

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How to Present the Four Parts of a Research Paper

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A research paper aims at presenting the results of research work done by an individual to its readers. Even if the writer puts in good amount of research work in preparing it, it may lose its effectiveness if it is not presented in a proper format. It should be neatly separated into following sections:

  1. Introduction
  2. Body
  3. Conclusion
  4. Bibliography

Each one of the four parts of a research paper is used to convey separate information. Introduction gives an insight into the contents of the paper and body consists of details of the research work done by the author. While conclusion provides a logical summary of research work, bibliography is used to acknowledge the different sources from which the data was taken.

The four parts of a research paper are explained in detail here.

  1. Introduction: What are the readers going to find in the research paper? Do they have enough acquaintance with the topic being presented? The introduction section of a research paper provides an idea to the readers about what they are going to read in it. If the reader is not familiar with the topic, it will give enough familiarity to the readers about it. It should be written with the purpose of making a base for the reader to get know how of the things which are going to be presented in the research paper. It should have the following features:
    • It should evoke an interest in the readers to go on and read the complete paper. If the introduction is not interesting enough, it can ruin their interest and that can have disastrous impact on prospects of the author.
    • It should be precise and focus on the core idea of the research. It should motivate the reader to read the complete research paper.
  1. Body: Out of the four parts of a research paper, its body is the most important one as it contains every bit of information that the author tries to present. It should have the following features.
    • It should have uniform formatting i.e. font style, font size, line spacing, alignment etc.
    • The topic of interest should be explained with necessary citations, facts and figures.
    • It should not wander away from central theme. Otherwise, the reader would not find it interesting enough to continue reading it.
    • It should be separated into chapters, sections and sub-sections, wherever necessary.
  1. Conclusion: This section consists of analysis of what has been presented in the research paper. It should not be replica of the introduction, but should provide a logical end to the discussion being made in the main body. The author can include details about impact of the research work in this section.
  2. Bibliography: Bibliography is the last one out of the four parts of a research paper. Usually, all the sources which were used during the research work are cited here. Such sources can include books and research papers of other authors. It is necessary that the author should take prior permission from everyone whose work has been used during drafting of the report.
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How to cite resources in a research paper

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How to cite resources in a research paper

At the time, while you are composing your research paper, always keep in mind, the fact, that it is extremely significant for you present your resources well, even when you are summarizing, paraphrasing or quoting the composition of a different writer. The manner in which you should cite resources in a research paper is by means of adding cross-references or annotations at the end of every sheet of your paper or else by introducing parenthetical citations at the side of the extracted passage.

Resource citation is the method to present a connection to your resources of passages, summaries and quotes. Quoting resources also is considered to be the channel to grant acknowledgment to the writers whose earlier creations have facilitated you in producing your very own individual research paper. Cite resources in a research paper will also assist you in avoiding breach of copyright. You should also remember to add a bibliography at the finish stage of your paper.

Different citation styles

There are quite a lot of style manuals to cite resources in a research paper. From time to time your lecturer will mention the citation style, which he would prefer you to apply. At other instances, it will be left entirely to you to apply a style, which you are at ease with as well as feel happy in availing yourself of.  The layout of your research paper citations mainly is determined by your own selected citation style. The different ways to cite resources in a research paper are briefly mentioned below along with where and how to use them.

1. The most widely used citation styles, which have been worked on tend to be the Modern Language Association of America also popularly referred to as MLA, American Psychological Association citation style also known as the APA and Chicago Manual of Style, widely referred as the Turabian Style Guide or as the Chicago Style Guide.

2. The MLA citation style is frequently brought into play when the study paper speaks regarding issues with reference to arts, literature and humanities. In support of research papers that deal with social sciences, it is always better to make use of American Psychological Association or APA citation style guide, whereas the majority writers for subjects pertaining to history have a preference for applying the Chicago Style Guide.

3. All of the three common citation style guides mentioned above only possess slight variations between themselves, in the way they are presented in the research paper. It is always advisable for you to go through all the information mentioned inside the published guidebooks for better understanding of these three different citation styles.

There are additional set of laws for you to follow in order to cite resources in a research paper, for instance, the correct way to layout the complete research paper, citation of online publications and printed articles. Determine which particular style suits you the most and try to retain it all through your writing. Uniformity of citation style is among the important features that your lecturer will search for once you submit the research paper.

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How to Outline a Research Paper

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Introduction:

Every student is required to write research papers during their college years in order to score good grades. Just about every field of study will consist of a research project as section of its syllabus. But majority of the students do not know how to outline a research paper properly. After carrying out detailed study, the most significant feature of effectively writing of a research paper is the planning or outlining stage. When you outline a research paper you need to expand an argument as well as scheme your most important points. Correctly accomplished, an excellent outline will definitely cause the writing phase to be much graceful and produce a more striking research paper. The below mentioned guidelines will help you to outline a research paper appropriately.

Tips on how to outline a research paper

Composing a research paper entails judicious foresight.  Make use of the rough draft stated below to offer an outline for your research paper.  This framework might not exhibit every part of the study that will get counted in your ultimate paper; however it will give an idea that an adequate amount of research has been carried out by you and also that you are well acquainted with the key subject matters and secondary subject matters, which you are going to make use of in your research paper.

An outline a research paper is supposed to contain the following elements:

  • Heading
  • Explain the main objective behind writing the research paper
  • Introduction
    • Give details concerning the problem
    • The reason behind you considering this study to be a suitable one
    • Why you consider the problem to be a significant one
    • The extent of the appraisal
    • How you will apply the consequence of the appraisal
    • Pinpoint the questions that you wish to resolve
  • Methodology
    • Distinguish the process used to detect and trace sources
    • Clarify the justification used for choosing the resources to research
    • Elucidate the proceedings to be utilized for examining the resources
    • Single out the decisive factor for assessing the facts retrieved
  • Evaluate and Discussion
    • Put forward facts and thoughts from resources
    • Conceptions are structured by secondary subject matter
    • Resources are categorized by conceptions rather than private entities
    • Categorization might be associated with research questions.
    • Legality of resources is affirmed to defend your decisive resolutions to your problems.
    • Quote every statement of yours by means of presenting the number(s) classifying the reference(s) that defend your statement.
  • Conclusions and Suggestions
    • Recognize and blend findings
    • Methodically respond to your questions
    • Offer reference for
      • Upcoming research
      • Educational procedures and policies,
      • Syllabus revisions, or
      • Additional necessary situations
  • References

o Catalog each and every reference of yours by means of APA layout

o Number every reference in order that you can quote your substantiation within the Evaluate and Discussion segment.

  • Submit
    • Present your outline by the scheduled date.

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How to Write a Custom Essay That Earns an A-Plus Grade

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Writing an A+ essay was once a very difficult and complicated task for students as it took a lot of reading and hard work to gather and present information. Today, everything is just a click away and writers can gain easy access to the required information in seconds. Although the technology has brought a lot of ease and made the task easier, essay writing requires skills for comprehensive research, proper organization of ideas and a professional way of writing a paper to get good grades in their courses.

Majority of students undermine the need of writing a good paper, in fact, they just consider it as a time consuming activity. However, the importance of writing a first-rate essay cannot be undermined as it helps in the growth of a student’s personality and knowledge utilization. As essay writing is considered as a big challenge by the students, they can make use of few tips which will help them in writing an A+ essay.

Proper organization of a paper
There is a proper format of writing a good paper, whether it is a thesis or an essay. Students need to adhere to the outline which is usually followed in various institutes and recommended by the lecturers and professors. Usually an essay is divided into three main sections; the introduction, body and conclusion. All the sections are critical for a good essay.

In the first and second paragraph of paper, the reason for writing a paper must be provided by presenting adequate background information regarding the issue which will be raised in the paper and all the startup material which would be required by the reader to get an idea of that paper. The body of a paper must entail the detailed information regarding the paper, and all the arguments with facts must be included in this section. In case of presenting a number of ideas in the paper, each idea must be presented in a separate paragraph. This approach will not cause any confusion in the mind of reader. The last paragraph must have the concluding statement of an essay. The complete information of the essay is presented in the form of a summary.

A good paper always has facts
A well-researched paper can only be written by including authentic facts and figures as ideas supported by evidence always leave lasting impression on reader. A paper without these necessities can cost the writer his grade. However, the sources must be cited throughout the paper whenever writer uses outside information or else the chances of plagiarism increase.
Proper must not have grammatical and spelling mistakes

Once a writer has started his work on writing an essay, he should look at all the possibilities of any grammatical and spelling mistakes or else be prepared for B or C. In an extreme scenario, a paper with abundant grammatical and spelling errors and inadequate information, may also earn an F grade. Care must be taken that the sentences are concise, easily comprehensible and free from any grammatical mistake or spelling mistakes.

Editing
A paper must be thoroughly revised before submitting to the course instructor. It is important that the writer ensures that the paper is according to the details and meets all the necessary requirements for an A+ grade.

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How to create a good research paper topic

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A house that lasts a lifetime is built on a strong foundation. The analogy can be extended to a research paper, where a good research topic is critical in being the backbone of the paper. Thus the writer should be careful in choosing a topic in order to elicit a desirable response from his intended targeted readers’ audience. But how can one decide whether a research topic is good or not.

Before starting to write, the author of the research paper should explore his interests. It is always useful to exploit one’s sea of knowledge. Such an approach facilitates not only ease with the topic but also depicts command over the topic the writer portrays in the research paper. Further, the personal interest on behalf of the writer will motivate him to produce a piece of writing that was thoroughly researched and was not a victim of either procrastination or disinterest.

Another approach to choosing a good research paper topic can be to assess the data availability. Research papers always include literature reviews. However, careful consideration needs to be made whether the secondary data is sufficient to cover the needs of the paper. The writer needs to examine the study material to evaluate whether his hypothesis or argument of the paper is being satisfied with the data. On the contrary, at time the secondary data becomes burdensome. Excess inflow of information tends to baffle the writer who becomes perplexed in choosing what material may be best suited to his needs. In the end, the inability to limit the affect of secondary research may lead the research paper topic to sound vague and incapable of directing towards a single minded research analysis.

Whilst the process of choosing a good research paper topic one should be careful to arouse the reader’s interest. As goes the old proverb ‘too many cooks spoil the broth’; a similar case applies to research topics as well. While it may be easy to decide upon a common topic, it may not be able to yield a favorable response. The individual who may be reading the research paper might have come across the topic several times and may seem to have lost interest. Thus, in the end the paper is subject to an adverse reaction. Like ‘too many cooks’ too many writers previously may have contributed towards making it a mundane topic. Thus the writer should be careful in repeating the mistakes of his predecessors.

It is always crucial to assess the information requirements and interests of the reader to whom the writer will be directing his paper. A research paper topic may seem extremely interesting to the writer may prove to be a subject of concern or bias to the reader. Therefore, before deciding upon a topic, the writer needs to assess what would satisfy the reader’s appetite for knowledge. Such an approach emerges from the principles of marketing, where the customer is declared the king. In content writing, the reader then becomes the king in controlling the actions of the writer; application of the principles of demand and supply. By catering to the needs of the targeted audience, the writer will be successful in narrating facts that appeal to the reader and thus aid in developing a topic of appropriate concern for the research paper.

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