Using Internet for Research Paper Writing

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Introduction

Preparing a research paper was previously a task most of the students were afraid of as the job required in depth knowledge about the topic via a thorough study of the literature but what was even more difficult was to find easy to understand yet relevant literature regarding that topic. Nowadays, Internet has made this job really easy, even though still the worth of reference materials obtained from published “hard-copy” is more than information gathered through a source like Internet, but it is the amazing capability and charisma of Internet that has forced these academic journals to issue their online volumes as well, thus making the job even simpler. But even then, data mining from Internet sources can be very challenging at times because of the random distribution of information on the Internet

Synopsis

The difference between a term paper and a research paper needs to be understood properly. Where a term paper asks for assimilation of the literature available regarding any subject, its review and evaluation in one’s own words; a research paper needs generation of new data or hypotheses. The first and most basic step is to choose any topic on which research can be conducted. This topic need not be very broad in scope so that the process of drawing conclusions from the research does not depend on too many variables and constraints. This paper needs to convey something which is still not general knowledge that people already knows. The restrictions imposed by textbooks are generally difficult too follow in research but an adequate adherence to the basic fabric of research methodology needs to be kept all time.

As this paper is a research based project therefore too liberal use of pre-existing knowledge is not advisable, but in some instances scholarly sources can be quoted with proper citations.

The method of research over internet has been made difficult by the volume of information available on the Internet and random storage of information has made information retrieval different from a library research using a card catalog. A search engine works as an internet catalog card and by providing keywords a user can locate information, similar to searching the book name or author name in library catalog. The accumulation of data on most educational websites has forced them to include searchable indexes on their websites as well, thus saving time by allowing one to search every occurrence of any specific word or phrase at that site.

A lack of a standard for information quality is one reason why instructors still advice against too much reliance on Internet. But services like Wikipedia which allow its users to add, delete or edit the contents, thus propagating a picture which may get at times out of sync with the reality has played a huge role in this premonition. The peer review system used by printed journals is gaining popularity on Internet as well. In peer-reviews an article or piece of information is sent to external reviewers mostly experts in that area before printing, and after their approval of manuscript and establishing a general consensus over the standard and quality of work it got published. Most of the information obtained through Internet is not peer-reviewed. This gives a probability of unintentional inclusion of information which is plagiarized, has flaws of facts and/or interpretation, some sort of prejudice in opinions or do not have the deep and thorough analytical testing of the peer-reviewed literature. Similarly, temporal nature of information available on Internet asks for date of access of information with the citation.

But Internet offers many more benefits to research than its few drawbacks (which will be hopefully taken care of in due course of time). The first of all abundance of information without moving away from the chair one may receive in front of one’s eyes is really amazing. Couple it with the solutions of problems like selection of research topic, the currency of data and the information about the most distinguished workers in any field of study and Internet becomes the most powerful tool of research in modern times.

Conclusion

One of the drawbacks of Internet is that it can lure the user to perform misdeeds like cutting and pasting a sentence or paragraph from someone else’s work. This cheating from another source is termed as plagiarism, which is an intellectual dishonesty which in the professional world is treated just like stealing, lying and cheating. Plagiarism from Internet is very easy but catching plagiarized work sentence to sentence source to source has become even easier and instructors can, by using specially developed software, can catch it, therefore, it should be avoided.

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Strategies for Writing a Research Paper

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A good research paper is only as good as the effort that’s put into researching its content. The reason for assigning research papers is to judge a writers ability to search for relevant pieces of writing and incorporate that content and its understanding in the writer’s own paper. Research paper assesses the abilities of a writer to find out pertinent materials that could expand the writer’s research and would contribute in supporting and building an understanding of a subject.

Strategies for writing research paper include proper research using effective researching tools such as literary databases on the internet or from the library. The most important step in writing research paper is to collect valuable pieces of information. Literary pieces and essay alone don’t qualify for research material. Referring to periodicals, newspapers, magazines, and other informational guides can direct considerable amount of information. Consulting past case studies and periodical reviews adds prominent value and quality to research paper as their evaluation provides a keen insight in producing ideas and content of your own.

The next step requires finding relevant and effective material that would provide substantial content which contains accurate details that would help a writer construct a plausible and evidence-based paper.

Once the information is sorted out, the next step is to plan out the research paper. This step requires strategic and sequential placement of the researched information within the paper so as to construct an effective essay with proper flow of idea and information. Placing information in chronological order would help develop a constant flow of ideas in the research paper.

Surfing through various pieces of information could side track writers from the original objective of the paper. Hence before collecting information it is necessary to establish whether the selected research contributes to support the idea behind the constructed research paper or undermines it.

Research papers require establishing viewpoints with respect to the information that they represent. It is essential in this case to know that information appended with the paper generates the proper effect for the writer to establish his perspective in accordance with it. It is better to adopt certain precautionary methods before constructing the final draft of the paper by producing secondary drafts in order to rectify any mistakes that might have occurred in the process of writing. The secondary drafts should be reviewed thoroughly to nix unimportant and unnecessary content that hampers the flow of the essay. Once the review is complete, it is safe to construct the final draft.

Effective research papers are also determined by effective analysis of the data that is provided with them. Research papers don’t only require research and inclusion of external data but also require the analysis and interpretation of the research data. This is an important part of the paper as it assesses your ability to manipulate information gathered from your research in a constructive manner in order to support and establish the writer’s perspective. Through this process writers can learn to use researched data in order to establish a rhetorical piece of writing that interprets and recognizes the relevance of the data that is collected.

Hence, the above mentioned strategies can assist writers in preparing quality research papers that features relevant and considerable amount of information that can be elaborated and incorporated to improve and support the writer’s point of view.

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How to make a Cover Page of a Term Paper

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How to make a Cover Page of a Term Paper

It is often believed that a book is judged by its cover. Hence the cover page or the title page of a paper, which could be an assignment, research report or a term paper, gives the face and introduction to the work being discussed in that particular paper. Also the cover page conveys critical information about the writer of the paper; hence, it is also vital in expressing the length of the paper.

Given the importance of a Cover page in a term paper, it should be arranged very carefully, keeping in mind that its contents are not only free of all types of syntactical and structural errors, but also, the contents should be brief and precise, without any unnecessary information being crammed in it. Also the arrangement of contents on the cover should be so as to leave a pleasant and clear-cut effect on the mind of the reader.

The contents of Cover Page should include;

Title

The title should be placed in the middle of the page in block letters; given the page is a Standard-sized paper (8.5″ x 11″), the title would be center if its placed at parallel to 4″ marker vertically, using the center alignment feature provided in Microsoft Office. The title of the paper is supposed to be the most emphasized part of your paper so its content should be concise and accurate.

Writer’s Name

Immediately below the title, in the next line writer’s name should be mentioned. There should be double spacing between consecutive lines.

Institution Name

The name of writer’s institution should appear in the next line after writer’s name. Again there should be double spacing between the lines.

Course Instructor’s Name and Course Name

In last, the name of professor to whom the paper is to be submitted should appear. The next line should mention the name of course, followed by the date of submission.

All the above mentioned contents of the title page are to be placed using center alignment, with double spacing in between. Now to give final touch to the Cover page, a running head and a page header are included. Their placement should be as follows

Running Head

The running head in a term paper is the shortened title of the paper. It is mentioned on the extreme left corner of the Cover page after leaving 1″ margin on each side. It is mentioned along with the actual words “Running Head” followed by a colon, after which the shortened title is stated. This short title is supposed to appear on every page of your paper.

Page Header

A page header of the Cover page is added in the first 1″ of the paper starting from extreme upper left corner of the page and ending in at extreme right upper corner. It is usually 1″ wide and contains the page number along with the running head.

This covers all the important aspects of term paper writing, so, happy writing!

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Difference Between a Research Paper and an Essay

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A research paper is a piece of writing, which requires demonstration of a more abstract, critical and thoughtful level of inquiry. Students are expected to write research papers usually at the college or university level, to judge their writing and analytical skills.

Research Paper

A research paper is a piece of writing, which requires demonstration of a more abstract, critical and thoughtful level of inquiry. Students are expected to write research papers usually at the college or university level, to judge their writing and analytical skills.

In order to write a research paper, a writer must familiarize himself with the works of experts and other well-published authors in the respective field. These published works can be accessed on the Internet, libraries, and scholarly journals or through personal interviews. This will help in building on a person’s knowledge about the subject and serve as a baseline for comparing his ideas with these published sources (Research Papers_ What is a Research Paper).

A research paper needs to provide relevant information, facts and figures supported by the works of these expert figures. A writer must also incorporate his own critical thinking, insights and ideas into the paper; these are often backed by the findings of some research conducted earlier. An analytical paper requires a comprehensive understanding of a topic by researching it thoroughly. All existing information needs to be critically analyzed and evaluated. After this analysis, a writer must be able to restructure and present the topic from his own perspective. It is important not to reach any conclusions when doing the research.

An argumentative or persuasive type of paper requires the person to take a stand on a particular topic, and support it with appropriate examples and evidence. The attempt is to convince the reader of writer’s point of view. The person is not trying to explore a research question but presenting his point of view. A person may present his insights, critical evaluations and other beliefs at the end of the paper to draw conclusions.

Essay

An essay is defined as a short piece of writing, which can cover diverse topics ranging from literary criticism to political manifestos and observations of daily life. The author usually presents his point of view when reflecting on the topic.

Essays have become an integral part of formal education and structured essay format form the basis of adequate writing skills. In initial years, the students are exposed to a highly structured five-paragraph essay format. This involves an introductory paragraph stating the thesis statement, followed by three body paragraphs supporting the thesis and a conclusion. The presentation of a writer’s thoughts in an essay is often judged on the logic, factualness and coherence of the written material. The use of a first person is usually discouraged in writing essays.

There are many different types of essays. Academic essays are often longer, with a word limit of two to five thousand words. Such essays challenge the intellectual capabilities of students and their ability to organize thoughts. They may include a literature review, which summarizes the research conducted earlier. All academic essays need to be supported by substantial facts and citations of the references, to help in the evaluation of arguments. A descriptive essay should provide greater sensory details to touch the emotional, physical and intellectual senses of a reader (English Works!_ Essays). The writer must make use of tools such as denotative language, connotative language, figurative language, metaphor, and simile to create a strong impact.

A narrative essay focuses on the plot and may use tools such as flashbacks, flash-forwards, and transitions that often build to a climax. A comparison essay points to different basis for comparison and contrasting highlights differences between two or more objects. Another piece of writing is cause and effect, which discusses causal chains and thinking critically about different causes or consequences. In a philosophical essay, the writer makes a thesis statement and present arguments and counterarguments to reach an open-minded conclusion. Other type of essays gaining popularity relate to visual arts, music and films.

To conclude, a writer puts his thoughts on a paper in an essay. The writer needs to consider the subject and determine the purpose of writing. Thought should also be given to the audience before deciding on specific examples. The essay should be a well-organized and coherent piece of writing supported by appropriate facts and examples.

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