Ninety Five Thesis
The Ninety five thesis were scribbled in 1517 by reverend father martin Luther who was a professor of theology and religion at Wittenberg University Germany and also a monk. The reason working behind the nailing of Ninety five theses to the castle church door was part of a great struggle by religious scholars and reformers like John Wycliffe and his Lollards, John Hus, John Colet and Thomas Linacre that can be traced back to the 15th century.These reformers raised a voice against the monopoly of Romans over Christian practices including the demand that bible should be allowed to translated and read in other languages especially English.
The ninety five theses were originally written in Latin and afterwards translated in English and other languages only to be published all over Europe. The ninety five thesis condemned the Roman Catholic priest’s control in granting forgiveness and salvation against riches. It clearly criticized Johann Tetzel who was literally acting as a purveyor of indulgences in Germany by the approval of the roman church. He encouraged people of Germany to drop money and coins in the church’s treasury in order to seek forgiveness for themselves as well as those whore already dead. These funds were being used to build the St. Peter’s Basilica project in Rome and also at Wittenberg University.
Martin Luther then annoyed by this practice and feeling himself responsible for his nation’s attitude organized a lengthy manuscript with ninety five theses in it and nailed it to the church door inviting the pope and his followers of indulgence practice to debate over the issue. He insisted on the original teachings and believed that indulgences do not forgive a person’s sins unless and until he truly feels the shame and asks honestly for god’s forgiveness. The ninety five theses ignited the fading flames of protestant reformation again.