A research paper aims at presenting the results of research work done by an individual to its readers. Even if the writer puts in good amount of research work in preparing it, it may lose its effectiveness if it is not presented in a proper format. It should be neatly separated into following sections:
Each one of the four parts of a research paper is used to convey separate information. Introduction gives an insight into the contents of the paper and body consists of details of the research work done by the author. While conclusion provides a logical summary of research work, bibliography is used to acknowledge the different sources from which the data was taken.
The four parts of a research paper are explained in detail here.
- Introduction: What are the readers going to find in the research paper? Do they have enough acquaintance with the topic being presented? The introduction section of a research paper provides an idea to the readers about what they are going to read in it. If the reader is not familiar with the topic, it will give enough familiarity to the readers about it. It should be written with the purpose of making a base for the reader to get know how of the things which are going to be presented in the research paper. It should have the following features:
- It should evoke an interest in the readers to go on and read the complete paper. If the introduction is not interesting enough, it can ruin their interest and that can have disastrous impact on prospects of the author.
- It should be precise and focus on the core idea of the research. It should motivate the reader to read the complete research paper.
- Body: Out of the four parts of a research paper, its body is the most important one as it contains every bit of information that the author tries to present. It should have the following features.
- It should have uniform formatting i.e. font style, font size, line spacing, alignment etc.
- The topic of interest should be explained with necessary citations, facts and figures.
- It should not wander away from central theme. Otherwise, the reader would not find it interesting enough to continue reading it.
- It should be separated into chapters, sections and sub-sections, wherever necessary.
- Conclusion: This section consists of analysis of what has been presented in the research paper. It should not be replica of the introduction, but should provide a logical end to the discussion being made in the main body. The author can include details about impact of the research work in this section.
- Bibliography: Bibliography is the last one out of the four parts of a research paper. Usually, all the sources which were used during the research work are cited here. Such sources can include books and research papers of other authors. It is necessary that the author should take prior permission from everyone whose work has been used during drafting of the report.